“The abolition of religion as the illusory happiness of the people is the demand of their actual happiness.”
Catharine said, “The people are not created for us, but we for the people” and “I am one of the imbeciles who believe in God.”
After the fall of Napoleon, the Roman Catholic Church, with whom Fourier was never reconciled, saw to his persecution.
Paine wrote, “the Bible and the Testament are impositions upon the world” and that “religious duties consist in doing justice, loving mercy, and endeavoring to make our fellow-creatures happy.”
Andrew Carnegie says Watt was a Deist and never attended church.
As Dupont explained in his Philosophie de l’univers (1796), he was a Deist.
Carlyle abandoned his Christian beliefs in 1818 after reading Gibbon. After further study… Carlyle gave up the Holy Ghost and immortality, as well, adopting a Pantheism like Goethe’s.